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Ontario landscape architects

Ontario landscape architects



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Ontario landscape architects are trained to observe, study, design, and manage a variety of natural and built landscapes that range from suburban greenfield to city parks. The profession's educational requirements are the same whether you are designing a major city park or a private suburban lot. This chapter takes you through the planning process of designing an Ontario landscape, and explores specific skills and resources the landscape architect uses.

1. Plan and Study

Before you begin creating your landscape design, it is important to first decide what the final design should look like and what it should accomplish. You need to answer such questions as:

• What is your project?

• Is it a private lot with a single house or structure?

• Is it a small subdivision or a town?

• Is it a business park?

• Is it a community park?

• Is it a school?

• Is it an industrial park?

• Is it a public space?

• Is it a combination of two or more of these options?

• Is the lot in question public land, or is it privately owned?

• Does the land have a particular history, condition, function, or usage?

• Does it contain other structures, such as a garage or barn?

• Is it in a rural area, in a developed area, or in an urban or suburban setting?

• Are there buildings or trees that have a long history or are special features on the property?

• Is there any heritage value attached to the site?

• Is there a community or cultural identity in the area?

• Are there any buildings, structures, or trees that are landmarks or local heroes?

The answers to these questions will determine what the landscape will look like and serve to help you better determine what functions and amenities it will need. Landscape design is based on how much energy, time, money, and other resources are available to create and maintain the site.

These questions will help determine the basic functions and requirements of the site:

• Provide a place for your family to live

• Provide places for special functions and celebrations

• Provide shade and shelter for living and working

• Provide water and wildlife habitat

• Provide a view of nature and/or a vista of a particular spot in nature

• Provide recreational and educational opportunities

• Provide an access to nature

Once you have determined these basic functions, and how your site can contribute to them, you must determine the desired aesthetic qualities of the landscape and how it will be compatible with the surrounding neighborhood. The qualities to consider are:

• Will it fit into the existing built environment of the community?

• Is it harmonious with the surrounding neighborhood?

• Does it complement the existing site?

• Does it have some visual tension that contributes to the community's overall identity?

• Will it be a strong visual marker for the community?

• Will it provide an outstanding view for visitors?

• Will it be well maintained?

• Will it contribute to the area's character?

• Will it be an attraction to visitors?

• Will it contribute to the quality of life of the community?

The answers to these questions will help you determine how best to plan and organize your site. It is a good idea to first sketch out some site plans. Some designers and architects create a series of drawings that are used to generate the initial sketches. Other designers find it is best to just get out the pen or pencil. When drawing a site plan, you are most likely going to have to change it a couple of times. It is a good idea to lay it all out before beginning the project so that you do not waste time changing your design as you go along. You might want to get in the car, drive around the site, and look for the best location. You might also want to use a compass to help determine the best alignment. If your site is large, you may want to first establish the footprint of the building by measuring the width of the road, then use a tape measure to measure the length of the road. Do the same with the buildings that are next to the road or path. When you are done, you should have the dimensions that you will use as parameters.

The size of the site can play a role in the final design of the building. The width of the road or path might allow for three narrow buildings or a single broad structure. It might be best to design the site with a very long building that fills the available space or to provide a space that connects with a building on either side. This process of laying out the best possible site will help in the process of determining the final design of the building.

Una vez que se establezca el sitio, deberá considerar el uso final del edificio. Puede ser una escuela, un centro comunitario, una biblioteca, un centro de salud o un edificio de oficinas. Todos estos tienen diferentes requisitos y pueden pedir diferentes ideas de diseño. Si está trabajando con un cliente, deberá estar preparado para hablar sobre estos artículos cuando desarrolle el diseño preliminar del edificio.

También deberá considerar los materiales que usará. Un edificio hecho de concreto, piedra o ladrillo puede no ser la mejor opción para un edificio hecho de madera. Deberá evaluar cuidadosamente el sitio para tomar una decisión sobre los mejores materiales de construcción para el diseño.

Consideraciones para el diseño de edificios

Todas las estructuras deben poder resistir las fuerzas del clima. Los edificios que están unidos a los lados de una colina o pendiente empinada son susceptibles de daño si la fuerza de la lluvia o la nieve actúa directamente contra el edificio. Considere la ubicación del edificio cuando lo esté diseñando. Esto es especialmente importante cuando está diseñando un pequeño edificio que estará expuesto a los elementos.

La seguridad es otro problema que debe considerarse cuando está planeando un edificio. Un edificio que albergará a las personas debe diseñarse para garantizar la seguridad de aquellos que lo usen.

Esto no quiere decir que deba evitar el diseño tradicional de edificios que se usaron hace muchos años. A veces son la solución de diseño más apropiada cuando busca satisfacer las necesidades de un cliente. Por ejemplo, hay muchos diseños modernos de escuelas que garantizarán la seguridad de los estudiantes.

Incluso puede considerar la adición de un toque moderno a un edificio histórico. Esto es especialmente importante cuando buscas modernizar un edificio.

Todo es una cuestión de diseño y elección. Tómese el tiempo para pensar en estos problemas, considere las necesidades del cliente y diseñe el mejor edificio para la situación.


Ver el vídeo: Member Profile: Greentario Landscaping (Agosto 2022).